Ethics Tools

Professional Responsibility by State:Criminal law word cloud

Knowing the Rules of Professional Responsibility can assist in reducing the wrongful prosecutions that convict individuals for crimes they didn’t commit while leaving free those who are guilty. Since wrongful convictions can rarely occur without the misconduct of certain police, prosecutors, expert witnesses, or judges, it is imperative that the accused be aware of the rules that govern attorney and judicial conduct. The rules, by a variety of similar names, are typically referred to as Rules of Professional Conduct.

Each state has its own rules of professional ethics as they pertain to the conduct of the legal community. Those rules of ethics govern the manner in which attorneys, prosecutors and judges are to conduct themselves in and outside the courtroom. With the exception of California, Rules of Professional Conduct of each state are based on the Model Code of Professional Conduct adopted by the American Bar Association (ABA) and may vary in name from state to state. Since each state enacts its own rules through it’s highest court, reference to that state’s rules should be reviewed in any specific instance.

The following links are to the ABA’s Model Rules and each state’s Rules of Professional Conduct. The links are provided by the Cornell University Law School Legal Ethics Library.

American Bar Association:  http://www.americanbar.org/groups/professional_responsibility/publications/model_rules_of_professional_conduct/model_rules_of_professional_conduct_table_of_contents.html

Alabama:
http://judicial.alabama.gov/library/rules_bar_conduct.cfm

Alaska:
http://www.courtrecords.alaska.gov/webdocs/rules/docs/prof.pdf

Arizona:
http://www.azbar.org/ethics/rulesofprofessionalconduct

Arkansas:
https://courts.arkansas.gov/rules-and-administrative-orders/%5Bcurrent%5D-arkansas-rules-of-professional-conduct

California:
http://rules.calbar.ca.gov/Rules/RulesofProfessionalConduct.aspx

Colorado:
http://www.cobar.org/RulesofProfessionalConduct

Connecticut:
https://www.jud.ct.gov/publications/PracticeBook/PB.pdf

Delaware:
http://courts.delaware.gov/odc/docs/DLRPCFebruary2010.pdf

District of Columbia
https://www.dcbar.org/bar-resources/legal-ethics/amended-rules/

Florida:
https://www.floridabar.org/DIVCOM/PI/WebNodes.nsf/Nodes/CAB70A7265C39112852577E000485BCA

Georgia:
https://www.gabar.org/barrules/georgia-rules-of-professional-conduct.cfm

Hawaii:
http://www.courts.state.hi.us/docs/court_rules/rules/hrpcond.htm

Idaho:
https://isb.idaho.gov/general/rules/irpc.html

Illinois:
http://www.illinoiscourts.gov/supremecourt/rules/art_viii/artviii_new.htm

Indiana:
http://www.in.gov/judiciary/rules/prof_conduct/

Iowa:
http://www.iowabar.org/?page=ProfessionalConduct

Kansas:
http://www.kscourts.org/rules-procedures-forms/attorney-discipline/KRPCnew.pdf

Kentucky:
http://courts.ky.gov/courts/supreme/Rules_Procedures/200905.pdf

Louisiana:
https://www.lsba.org/Members/ProfessionalismCode.aspx

Maine:
http://mebaroverseers.org/regulation/bar_rules.html?id=88185

Maryland:
http://www.courts.state.md.us/attygrievance/rules.html

Massachusetts:
http://www.mass.gov/obcbbo/rpcnet.htm

Michigan:
http://courts.mi.gov/courts/michigansupremecourt/rules/documents/michigan%20rules%20of%20professional%20conduct.pdf

Minnesota:
http://lprb.mncourts.gov/rules/Pages/MRPC.aspx

Mississippi:
https://courts.ms.gov/rules/msrulesofcourt/rules_of_professional_conduct.pdf

Missouri:
http://www.courts.mo.gov/page.jsp?id=707

Montana:
http://www.montanabar.org/?page=RulesRegs

Nebraska:
https://supremecourt.nebraska.gov/supreme-court-rules/ch3/art5

Nevada:
 http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/professional_responsibility/mrpc_nevada.authcheckdam.pdf

New Hampshire:   
http://www.courts.state.nh.us/rules/pcon/

New Jersey:
http://www.judiciary.state.nj.us/rules/

New Mexico:                 http://www.nmbar.org/NmbarDocs/forMembers/Mentorship/Resources/Resource02.pdf

New York:
http://www.nycourts.gov/rules/jointappellate/ny-rules-prof-conduct-1200.pdf 

North Carolina:
https://www.ncbar.gov/for-lawyers/ethics/rules-of-professional-conduct/

North Dakota:
http://www.ndcourts.gov/court/rules/frameset.htm

Ohio:
http://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/LegalResources/Rules/Profconduct/profConductRules.pdf

Oklahoma
http://www.okbar.org/members/EthicsCounsel/RulesProfessionalConduct.aspx

Oregon:
http://www.osbar.org/_docs/rulesregs/orpc.pdf

Pennsylvania:
http://www.padisciplinaryboard.org/attorneys/rules/

Rhode Island:
https://www.courts.ri.gov/PublicResources/disciplinaryboard/PDF/Article5.pdf

South Carolina:
http://www.scbar.org/SCBar-Groups/Committees/Ethics-Advisory-Committee/Rules-of-Professional-Conduct

South Dakota:
http://www.sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute&Statute=16-18-A

Tennessee:
https://www.tncourts.gov/rules/supreme-court/8

Texas:
https://www.texasbar.com/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Home&Template=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=27271 

Utah:
https://www.utcourts.gov/resources/rules/ucja/

Vermont:
https://www.vermontjudiciary.org/LC/attydiscipline.aspx

Virginia:
http://www.vsb.org/pro-guidelines/

Washington:
https://www.courts.wa.gov/court_rules/?fa=court_rules.list&group=ga&set=RPC

West Virginia:
http://www.courtswv.gov/legal-community/court-rules/professional-conduct/contents.html

Wisconsin:
http://www.wisbar.org/newspublications/wisconsinlawyer/pages/article.aspx?Volume=80&Issue=2&ArticleID=1416

Wyoming:
https://www.wicourts.gov/sc/rules/chap20b.pdf

_____________________

National Association of Defence Attorneys (NACDL)
1660 L St., NW, 12th Floor, Washington, DC 20036
(202) 872-8600 | Fax (202) 872-8690 | assist@nacdl.org
https://www.nacdl.org/publicdefense

“In too many states, judicial elections are becoming political prizefights where partisans and special interests seek to install judges who will answer to them instead of the law and the Constitution.”
–Justice Sandra Day O’Connor

Sources for Assistance with Wrongful Prosecutions:Fountain pen on policy

ALASKA
Alaska Innocence Project
907.279.0454
www.alaskainnocence.org

ALABAMA
Equal Justice Initiative
334.269.1803
www.eji.org/eji

ARIZONA
Arizona Attorneys Criminal Justice Project
480.812.1700
www.aacj.org

Justice Project
480.727.0009
www.azjusticeproject.org

Northern Arizona Justice Project
928-523-7028
www.jan.ucc.nau.edu

ARKANSAS
Innocence Project Arkansas
479.575.5601
http://law.uark.edu

CALIFORNIA
California Innocence Project
619.525.7092
www.cwsl.edu/main

Northern California Innocence Project
408.554.4767
http://law.scu.edu/ncip

COLORADO
Colorado Law Wrongful Convictions Clinic
303.492.8047
www.colorado.edu/Law/clinics

CONNECTICUT
Connecticut Innocence Project
860.275.6140
www.ocpd.state.ct.us/Content

DELAWARE
Office of the Public Defender
302.739.4476
www.publicdefender.delaware.gov

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Mid Atlantic Innocence Project
202.895.4519
http://www.exonerate.org

FLORIDA
Florida Innocence Project
954.262.6100
www.nsulaw.nova.edu

Innocence Project of Florida
850.561.6767
http://www.floridainnocence.org/

GEORGIA 
Georgia Innocence Project
404-373-4433
http://ga-innocenceproject.org

HAWAII
Hawaii Innocence Project
619.525.7092
http://www.cwsl.edu/main

IDAHO
Idaho Innocence Project
208-426-4207
www.idahoinnocenceproject.org

ILLINOIS
Center on Wrongful Convictions
312.503.2391
http://www.law.northwestern.edu/wrongful
convictions

Downstate Innocence Project
217.206.6569
http://www.cspl.uis.edu/ILLAPS/Service/

Medill Innocence Project
847.467.1882
http://www.medill.northwestern.edu/journalism

INDIANA
Center on Wrongful Convictions
312.503.2391
http://www.law.northwestern.edu/wrongfulconvictions/exonerations/inIndex

IOWA
Innocence Project of Iowa
Estherville, IA
http://www.iowainnocence.org

Iowa Nebraska Innocence Project
Omaha NE
http://ianeinnocence.org

KENTUCKY
Kentucky Innocence Project
502.564.8006
http://dpa.ky.gov/kip/

LOUISIANNA
Innocence Project New Orleans
504.943.1902
http://www.ip-no.org/

MAINE
New England Innocence Project
coordinator@newenglandinnocence.org
http://www.newenglandinnocence.org

MARYLAND
Mid-Atlanta Innocence Project
202-895-4519
http://www.exonerate.org

MASSACHUSETTES
New England Innocence Project
coordinator@newenglandinnocence.org
http://www.newenglandinnocence.org

MICHIGAN
Cooley Innocence Project
517.371.5140
http://www.cooley.edu/clinics/innocence.htm

Michigan Innocence Clinic
734.763.9353
http://www.law.umich.edu/centersandprograms/clinical/Pages/InnocenceClinic.aspx

MINNESOTA
The Innocence Project of Minnesota
651.523.3152
http://www.ipmn.org/

MISSISSIPPI
Mississippi Innocence Project
662.915.5207
http://www.mississippiinnocence.org

The Mississippi Justice Project
870.892.1570
http://www.mississippi-justice.com

MISSOURI
Midwestern Innocence Project
816-221-2166
http://www.innocenceprojectmidwest.org

Mo School of Journalism Innocence Project
573.882.2121
http://journalism.missouri.edu/news/2008/02-07-innocence-project.html

NEBRASKA
Iowa Nebraska Innocence Project
Omaha NE
http://ianeinnocence.org

also see
Rocky Mountain Innocence Project (Utah)

NEW HAMPSHIRE
New England Innocence Project
coordinator@newenglandinnocence.org
http://www.newenglandinnocence.org

NEW JERSEY
Centurian Ministries
609.921.0334
http://www.centurionministries.org

NEW MEXICO
505.277.2146
http://www.lawschool.unm.edu/organizations/ijp

NEW YORK
Barbara C Salken Criminal Justice Center
914.422.4253
htttp://www.law.pace.edu/jjls/clinic.html

Exoneration Initiative
212.965.9335
http://www.exonerationinitiative.org

Innocence Project
212.364.5346
http://www.innocenceproject.org

Second Look Program
718.780.7906
http://www.brooklaw.edu/academic/clinics/news_2ndlookclinic.php

NORTH CAROLINA
N Carolina Center on Actual Innocence
919.489.3268
http://www.nccai.org

OHIO
Ohio Innocence Project
513.556.6805
http://www.law.uc.edu/institutes/rosenthal/oip.

Pierce Law Innocence Project
603.228.1541
http://www.piercelaw.edu/justice/projects.php

OKLAHOMA
Midwestern Innocence Project
816-221-2166
http://www.innocenceprojectmidwest.org

Oklahoma Indigent Defense System
405.801.2601
http://www.ok.gov/OIDS/

PENNSYLVANIA
Pennsylvania Innocence Project
215.204.4255
http://www.innocenceprojectpa.org

SOUTH CAROLINA
Palmetto Innocence Project
803.779.0005
http://www.prisonet.com/

RHODE ISLAND
New England Innocence Project
coordinator@newenglandinnocence.org
http://www.newenglandinnocence.org

SOUTH DAKOTA
Innocence Project of South Dakota
651.523.3152
http://www.ipmn.org

TEXAS
Innocence Project of Texas
806.744.6525
www.ipoftexas.org

Utah
Rocky Mountain Innocence Center
202.872.8600
http://www.nacdl.org/public.nsf/DefenseUpdates/RockyMt.InnocenceUT?

VERMONT
New England Innocence Project
coordinator@newenglandinnocence.org
http://www.newenglandinnocence.org

WASHINGTON
Innocence Project Northwest
206.543.4550
http://www.law.washington.edu/Clinics/IPNW/

CANADA
UBC Law Innocence Project
604-827-3585
http://www.innocenceproject.law.ubc.ca

Police Complaints

There are literally thousands of local police departments across the country. Each police department should have an Internal Affairs Division. This site will be expanded to include as many as possible. If your department is not listed here, please forward a link for the benefit of others. Google the local police department and search for Internal Affairs. (You are encouraged to submit links to your local police department by using our Contact Form.)

St. Louis Metropolitan Police Dept.
http://www.slmpd.org/internal_affairs/internal_affairs_s.asp

St. Louis County Police Dept.
http://www.stlouisco.com/LawandPublicSafety/\PoliceDepartment/CommendationsandComplaints

Attorney Complaints: Missouri http://www.mochiefcounsel.org/ocdc _form.pdf

Judicial InfluenceThe words Court House outside the Supreme Court

Our liberty at stake

Growing Influence of Business Groups
and Special Interests in State Supreme Court Elections.

Special interest pressure is growing and threatening the fairness and impartiality of America’s courts, according to a major new report from the Justice at Stake Campaign and its partners, the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law and the National Institute for Money in State Politics. At the same time, a new survey conducted by Zogby International for the Committee for Economic Development shows that four out of five business leaders worry that campaign contributions have a major influence on decisions rendered by judges.The New Politics of Judicial Elections 2006 found that television advertising has become a major weapon for groups battling over state high courts—average television spending hit a record $1.6 million per state—with pro-business groups accounting for 90 percent of all independent spending on TV ads in high court races.State Supreme Court elections attracted record sums from business interests, a reflection of the importance of state courts in setting corporate damage payments. Campaign finance analysis shows that business gave $2 for every $1 donated by lawyers directly to candidates.Median fund raising by candidates for state high courts also hit a record high of $243,910. In other words, getting to the bench has never been so expensive for so many. Five states set aggregate candidate fund raising records for high court campaigns (AL, KY, GA, OR, WA).

This article originally appeared in The Joyce Foundation web-site at joycefdn.org

Legislative Lookup

Click on the image below to access members of Congress by state or to local a pending bill in the House or Senate.
Sponsored by: THE CAHILL PARTNERSHIP

Legal and Financial Consultation

Randall Cahill, Attorney at Law

906 Olive Street, Suite 1250

St. Louis, MO 63101

314-231-1771

CahillPart@aol.com